Most of the money the State Government has available for grants comes from the Federal level which they are distributing where there is need. For success, nonprofits need to show the level of impact their program will have on their local community. It is also very helpful to have the backing of bureaucrats and politicians to campaign for your cause.
There are not many places to look for State grant announcements. It's best to contact the department that is controlling the grant for further information.
Local / State Funding Report
NRPER at SP (current month +3)
Monthly newsletters to stay current on funding opportunities.
MO Department of Agriculture
Look under Financial Assistance for Grants, Loans, and Tax Credit Information.
MO Department of Conservation
MO Department of Economic Development
http://ded.mo.gov/(About the DED)
http://www.ded.mo.gov/Community/RedevelopmentAssistance.aspx (Neighborhood Assistance Program)
http://ded.mo.gov/BCS%20Programs/BCSProgramDetails.aspx?BCSProgramID=85 (Youth Opportunities Program)
MO Department of Education
MO Department of Health & Senior Services
http://health.mo.gov/living/wellness/nutrition/foodprograms/index.php (Food Programs)
MO Department of Public Safety
MO Department of Social Services
http://dss.missouri.gov/cd/early/ (Early Childhood Grants)
MO Department of Transportation
Missouri Arts Council
Missouri Humanities Council
Missouri State Library
Regional Arts Commission - St. Louis